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Soccer players and athletes who died in Gallipoli

The Anzac resilience and the Gallipoli campaign helped shape Australia’s national identity. Gallipoli Campaign however is a very important event in Turkish history as well. Gallipoli Battle was the last battle Ottoman Empire had to face after fighting against allied armies at various fronts in Africa, Asia, middle-east and Europe. It was the battle where the nation had to use its last resources – basically whoever was available to fight fought with whatever they had left to fight with. Therefore teachers, engineers, athletes, doctors and school principals from all Ottoman nations (including Greek, Armenian and Jewish volunteers) all had to sacrifice to help Turkish army at Gallipoli.

Hasnub Galib of Galatasaray, was a soccer and a hockey player. He died in Canakkale fighting the Anzacs

Hasnub Galib of Galatasaray, was a soccer and a hockey player. He died in Canakkale fighting the Anzacs

Turkish Soccer Federation published a list of soccer players who died during Balkan Wars(1912) and Defense of Canakkale (Gallipoli Campaign).

The list was compiled by Mehmet Yuce who sourced the names from the prominent Ottoman military magazine “Donanma” (The Navy) of the time.

The Donanma (Navy) magazine of the Ottoman Army

The cover of the Donanma (Navy) magazine of the Ottoman Army. The magazine featured the soccer players and athletes serving in the army during Gallipoli campaign.

BEŞIKTAŞ

Athletes and soccer players who died:

  • Kâzım Bey (sprinter- runner, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Âsım Bey (Soccer player, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Ali Bey (Soccer player, volunteer soldier)

Athletes and soccer players fought:

  • Muallim Kenan Bey (Boxing and wrestling instructor)
  • Ahmet Fetgeri Bey (Physical education instructor)
  • Alâaddin Bey (goalkeeper – Non-commissioned officer)
  • Mehmet Bey (Soccer player, volunteer soldier)
  • Fuad Bey (Soccer player and wrestler)
  • Resul Bey (Goalkeeper, sprinter, Army veterinarian)
  • Sabri Bey (Soccer player, Assistant Physio)
  • Genç Mehmet Bey (jumper, pilot)
  • Cemâl Efendi (defender, sprinter- runner, sub-officer)
  • Cevdet Efendi (Soccer player and sprinter- runner)
  • Aziz Efendi (hockey player, cannon officer)
  • İzzet Efendi (high jumper, navy)
  • Hikmet Bey (hammer thrower, navy)

GALATASARAY

The soccer players who died:

  • Abdurrahman Robenson Bey (general captain and scout leader, physio)
  • Hasnûn Gâlib Bey (soccer and hockey second team captain, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Neşet Bey (hockey team captain, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Hâlid Fuad Bey (son of Müşir Fuad Paşazâde) (second team Soccer player, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Mehmet Ali Bey (son of Enver Paşazâde) (Soccer player)
  • Refik Ata Bey (Soccer player)
  • Cemil Bey (Soccer player)
  • Hasib Bey (son of Ali Paşazâde)
  • Nazmi Bey (Soccer player)

The soccer players who were wounded:

  • Yusuf Ziya Bey (first-team soccer team inner forward, Non-commissioned officer)
  • YakubRobenson Bey (Soccer player, soldier)
  • Feyzi Robenson Bey(Soccer player, pilot)

Those who served during the war:

  • Celâl Bey (first-team soccer central forward, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Kemâl Niyazi Bey (team captain, cannon officer)
  • Ahmed Robenson Bey (rowing team captain and first-team soccer goal keeper, officer)
  • Kenan Bey (Boxing and wrestling team captain)
  • Emin Bülend Bey (soccer first-team team captain and left forward)
  • Emil Oberle Bey (soccer instructor and first-team central forward, heavy cannon operator)
  • Ahmed Adnan Bey (first-team soccer and hockey defender)
  • Ahmed Cevat Bey (first-team soccer and hockey defender, cannon operator)
  • Sedat Bey (first-team soccer left back)
  • Hüseyin Bey (first-team soccer right back, hockey defender)
  • Cevat Bey (first-team soccer team right back)
  • İbrahim Bey (first-team soccer team right back and hockey first-team team forward)
  • Jozef (Joseph) Oberle Bey (first-team soccer team right forward, volunteer at German army)
  • Nasreddin Bey (first-team soccer team forward)
  • Vehbi Bey (first-team soccer team right defender)
  • Sitar Bey (first-team soccer team forward)
  • Behçet Bey (first-team soccer team defender)
  • Naki Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Edip Bey (reserve soccer team, second lieutenant)
  • Avni Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Ahmet Ali Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Ahmet Muhtar Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Ömer Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Muammer Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Ferid Bey (reserve soccer team, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Âsım Bey (goalkeeper)
  • Mahir Sâfi Bey (rowing team, army driver)
  • Âkif Sâfi Bey (rowing team)
  • Ârif Bey (rowing and reserve soccer team)
  • Selim Bey (sailing captain)
  • Hüsameddin Bey (rowing team)
  • Emin Bey (sailing team)
  • İsmet Bey (hockey)
  • Sıdkı Bey (first-team hockey team goalkeeper)
  • Kemâl Bey (sailing)
  • Şükrü Bey (Sprinter)
  • Adnan Bey (scout team)
  • Osman Kenan Bey (scout)
  • Müfid Bey (scout team)
  • Kâzım Bey (scout team)
  • Neyir Bey (boxing team)
  • Cemâl Bey (soccer)
  • Cemâl Hüseyin Bey
  • İsmail Bey

 

FENERBAHÇE

Those who died and fought:

  • Gâlib Bey (first-team soccer team team captain)
  • Yahya Bey (physio)
  • Kemâl Bey (died)
  • Nüzhet Bey (first-team soccer)
  • Said Bey (first-team soccer)
  • Zeki Bey (supply officer)
  • Sâfi Bey (supply officer)
  • Hâfid Bey (Officer)
  • Cemî Bey
  • Nuri Bey (first-team soccer)
  • Sadık Bey (first-team soccer
  • Rüşdü Bey (scout)
  • Osman Bey (soccer)
  • Fahri Bey (rowing)
  • Sezai Bey
  • Burhaneddin Bey
  • Hulki Bey (rowing)
  • Ömer Bey (supply officer)
  • Garî Bey (soccer first-team)
  • Afif Bey (officer)
  • Bedri Bey (officer)
  • Hâfid Bey (officer)
  • Ferik Bey (officer)
  • Kemâl Bey (officer)
  • Emin Bey (officer)
  • Zeki Bey (physio)
  • Nebil Bey
  • Vasıf Bey
  • Şevki Bey
  • Servet Bey
  • Kenan Bey
  • Sabri Bey (first-team soccer)
  • İsmail Bey
  • Ata Bey
  • Rauf Bey
  • Şakir Bey (supply, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Vehbi Bey (soccer first-team)
  • Ârif Bey (soccer first-team )
  • Nureddin Bey (died)
  • Mehmed Bey (second lieutenant)
  • Nureddin Bey
  • Cemâl Bey
  • Wilhelm Kohlhammer (soccer, German soldier)
  • Mehmed Nasuhi Bey (soccer, supply officer)
  • Edhem Bey (soccer, supply officer)
  • Manço Salahaddin Bey
  • Süreyya Mithat Bey (first-team soccer)
  • Mustafa Behçet Bey (physio)
  • Müfid Bey (supply officer)
  • Sami Bey (supply officer)
  • Mithat Bey
Arif Bey, was perhaps the most famous of the Fenerbahce players who fought in the war (Standing on back line, the second from right).

Arif Bey, was perhaps the most famous of the Fenerbahce players who fought in the war (Standing on back line, the second from right).

 

 

ANADOLU CLUB

Those who serverd:

  • Kemâl Bey (center forward, officer)
  • Raif Bey (defender, officer)
  • Efhem Bey (defender, officer)
  • İlhami Bey (goalkeeper, officer)
  • Nasuhi Bey (forward, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Macid Bey (forward, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Hüseyin Bey (defender, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Hâlid Bey (forward, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Şevket Bey (defender, chemist)
  • Azmi Bey (defender, Assistant Physio)
  • Sadullah Bey (defender, corporal)
  • Hüsnü Bey (defender, officer)
  • Kemâl Bey (forward, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Salahaddin Bey (defender, supply officer)
  • İbrahim Bey (defender, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Mehmet Bey (defender, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Cevat Bey (defender, pilot)
  • Yusuf Kenan Bey (defender, officer)
  • Mısırlı Yusuf Bey (forward, officer)
  • İbrahim Zemçi Bey (defender, private)
  • Hayrettin Bey (defender, red-crescent)
  • Rasim Bey (forward, officer)
  • Mehmet Ali Bey (defender, officer)
  • Hakkı Bey (defender, secretary)
  • Ali Osman Bey (defender, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Remzi Bey (forward, officer)
  • Şemsi Bey (goalkeeper, sub officer)
  • Kadıköylü Hasan Bey (center defender, army driver)
  • Saadettin Bey (goalkeeper, officer)
  • Raif Bey (defender, officer)
  • Kâzım Bey (defender, officer)
  • Fazıl Kani Bey (defender, Non-commissioned officer)
  • Eşref Bey (goalkeeper, Non-commissioned officer
  • Mazhar Bey (goalkeeper, Non-commissioned officer)
Ahmet Fetgeri, who served during the war, was among the founders of Besiktas Gymnastics Club.

Ahmet Fetgeri, who served during the war, was among the founders of Besiktas Gymnastics Club.

TÜRK IDMAN OCAĞI CLUB

Those who died:

  • Mehmet Sedat Bey (club doctor)

Those who served:

  • İbrahim Bey (supply officer, gymnast)
  • Mehmet Fuat Bey (baytar, soccer team forward)
  • Fahri Bey (baytar, Non-commissioned officer, soccer team forward)
  • Burhan Bey (supply officer, soccer team forward)
  • Hulûsi Bey (supply officer, soccer team centre defender, captain)
  • Vefik Bey (supply officer, soccer team defender)
  • Nureddin Bey (supply officer, soccer team defender)
  • Suat Bey (supply officer, soccer team forward)
  • Nuri Bey (supply officer, gymnast
  • Saim Bey (soldier, gymnast)
  • Şerafeddin Bey (soldier, gymnast)
  • Hayri Bey (soldier, soccer team defender)
  • Vâhid Bey (soldier, gymnast)
  • Abdullah Bey (soldier, soccer team forward)
  • Muzaffer Bey (soldier, soccer team defender)
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Anzac Day Special: Canakkale – Guardian of the straits

The Turkish victory at Gallipoli (Gelibolu) just across the narrows — brought to prominence a hitherto little known lieutenant-colonel, Mustafa Kemal, later to be known as Atatürk — proved that the Turks could hold their own against the great imperialist powers of the day and marked, symbolically at least, the start of the War of Independence and subsequent emergence of the Turkish Republic.

But although Çanakkale’s raison d’être may be a military one, i.e., control of the straits, it is a surprisingly attractive town for a short break, with its sweeping views over the glimmering Dardanelles (Boğaz) to European Turkey, seafront restaurants and cobbled, pedestrianized streets lined with bars and cafes and its handful of sights and clutch of decent hotels and hostels. The presence of some 30,000 students from the local university serves only to enliven the atmosphere of a town that is also the gateway to two of Turkey’s most evocative sites: the World War I battlefields of the Gallipoli peninsula and Homer’s legendary Troy.

Canakkale Turkish War Memorial

Canakkale – exploring the seafront

The town centers on bustling Cumhuriyet Meydanı right on the waterfront and abutting the ferry terminal, which is busy with ferries shuttling round the clock to and from Eceabat across the strait. Heading north along the seafront esplanade, just before a large marina fans of the 2004 Hollywood epic “Troy” will be delighted to recognize one of the stars of the movie (no, it’s not Brad Pitt) — the actual wooden-horse used on set. It may sound cheesy, but it’s actually pretty impressive, and few visitors can resist posing for a photograph in front of this Hollywood representation of the horse that brought Priam’s proud city to its knees in the legendary siege of Troy.

The area south of the ferry terminal, however, is the most interesting from a visitor’s point of view. A number of lively bars, cafes and fish restaurants line the front, where you can sit and idle the time away watching the great tankers and container ships glide silently through the narrows, or watch the quayside anglers trying their luck in the perpetually wind-ruffled waters. Beyond them is Çimenlik Park, a pleasant green space bounded by the sea to the west and the battlements of Çimenlik Fortress to the south. Rather than the usual sculptures, statues or kids play equipment, the park is adorned with weaponry of all kinds, including sleekly menacing World War II torpedoes; rotund, spiky World War I mines; and vintage field artillery. The fortress dates back to 1461-2, when Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror had it built to help defend İstanbul against ships trying to force their way through the Dardanelles into the Sea of Marmara. An impressive construction, it today houses the Naval Museum (TL 4, open 9 a.m.-noon, 1 p.m.-5 p.m.; closed Mondays and Thursdays), which focuses on the Gallipoli campaigns of 1915 when the fortress was still in use and played its part in preventing the Allied forces’ advance. Part of the admission price includes a tour of the Nusret, moored alongside the park. Built in 1912, this German mine-laying vessel was used to prevent Allied ships operating freely in the straits or the seas off the Gallipoli peninsula.

Mekor Hayim Sinagogue (3)

Just north of the vessel is a small terminal from which it’s possible to take a 15-minute, TL 1.50 ferry ride across to Kilitbahar, the sister fortress to Çimenlik on the far side of the straits — a far cheaper option than excursions to either Troy or Gallipoli (see below). A pretty village with cafes has grown up around the superbly preserved fortress, and you can scramble atop and walk around the outer walls.

Canakkale – behind the waterfront

In the 19th and early 20th centuries Çanakkale was a cosmopolitan trading town, its population made up of Greeks, Armenians and Jews as well as Turks, leavened by a fair sprinkling of foreigners. There were foreign consulates here, too, and it was an Italian consul who gifted the town its distinctive clock tower in 1897. Running east of the triangular square around the clock tower is Fetvane Sokak, known more commonly by locals as Barlar Sokak, or Street of the Bars. The rows of largely stone-built 19th-century houses, shops, hans and the like here are now home to dozens of bars and cafes. Most atmospheric is the 1899 Yalı Han, where you can sip tea, puff on a nargile or enjoy a beer in the pleasant courtyard.

Further along Barlar Sokak the new City Museum, housed in a renovated period building, gives a great introduction to the history of the town. Nearby is a beautiful, wrought-iron balconied boutique hotel redolent with period-charm. This building opened in the early 1870s as the French-owned Hotel des Etrangers. Following decades of neglect and changes of use, the current owner has restored the building as closely as he could to the original and kept the hotel’s original name. Heinrich Schliemann, the famous archaeologist and “discoverer” of Troy, lodged in the original des Etrangers en route to his excavations. Further inland lies the Mekor Hayim synagogue (www.canakkalemusevicemaati.com), a pleasant stone-building erected in 1890. Re-opened in 2005 following a lengthy restoration process, it is used infrequently as the town’s Jewish population has shrunk from some 600 in the 19th century to 10 today.

Çanakkale clock tower

Inconveniently located three kilometers southeast of the ferry terminal/clock tower is the Archaeology Museum (TL 5, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.). The bad news is that it is a drab concrete building, gloomy and uninspiringly laid-out. The good news is that it contains some wonderful exhibits. The pick of these is one of the most beautiful relief-carved stone sarcophagi you’ll see anywhere — on par with the famous Sidon sarcophagi that form the centerpiece of İstanbul’s rather better known Archaeology Museum. Stunningly executed back in the sixth-century B.C., the most impressive scene on the sarcophagus depicts Polyxena, daughter of Priam of Troy, being sacrificed by Neoptolemus, son of that great scourge of the Trojans, Achilles. There are also assorted finds from Troy and much more recent examples of the distinctive mid 18th to early 20th century local pottery-ware that became so famous the town changed its name from Kale-i Sultaniye, or Castle of the Sultan, to the name we know it by today — Çanakkale or Castle of the Potteries.

South Canakkale – Troy

Although there is basic pension-style accommodation in Tevfikiye, the village adjacent to the ancient site of Troy (TL 15, 8 a.m.-7 p.m. summer, to 5 p.m. October-April), 30-odd kilometers to the south, Çanakkale makes the perfect base for a half-day outing to what is surely one of the world’s most famous spots — I mean, who has never heard of Troy? What the remains of this legendary city lack in substance (reduce your expectations drastically if you are imagining Troy as it appears in the movie), they more than make up for in grand location and clever interpretation. Set at one end of a low ridge overlooking a fertile plain, with the vast expanse of the Aegean shimmering away to the west and the blue sliver of the Dardanelles to the north, it’s a gorgeous, if oft wind-battered, spot.

What archaeologists have uncovered here, beginning back in 1874 when German millionaire Heinrich Schliemann attacked the mound of Hisarlık and continuing right through to the present day, are the remains of 10 distinct settlements built one on top of the other and dating from circa 3,000 B.C. through to the 13th century. Wandering around the site today, examining stretches of carefully uncovered city wall dating back to the probable date of Homer’s Troy (circa 1200 B.C.), mud bricks burnt in a blaze around 2,200 B.C., or cracked clay pipes from the Roman era, and it’s easy to see why the site has both confused and delighted successive archaeologists. It’s the ultimate puzzle trying to work out what belongs where — especially when the great trench dug by Schliemann through the mound in his haste to find the layer of occupation corresponding to Homer’s Troy jumbled up many of the pieces. Fortunately a series of explanatory panels have been erected to guide visitors around the site in a logical fashion and help bring the complex excavations to life.

THE GALLIPOLI PENINSULA

Without your own transport it’s difficult to explore the landing beaches, battlegrounds and cemeteries of the peninsula, so its best either to rent a car in Çanakkale and take the ferry (TL 2 for foot passengers, TL 25 per vehicle) across to Eceabat, or join one of the tours (prices around TL 60) organized by several town-based travel agencies. The peninsula, most of it national park, is some 60 kilometers long, so to visit all the key spots you really need a whole day. If you confine yourself to either the sites north of the Kabatepe Information Center and Museum, as many Australians and New Zealanders do, or those to the southern end of the peninsula, which are of more interest to the British (for Turks, of course, the entire peninsula is something of a shrine), a long half-day should suffice.
Çanakkale at dusk and the miraret of the Yalı Cami mosque
The Gallipoli campaign was an unmitigated disaster for the Allies; their bold plan to force the Dardanelles, capture İstanbul and effectively knock Germany’s ally, Ottoman Turkey, out of World War I ended with the loss of 52,000 men (many of them Aussies and New Zealanders) and a hasty retreat. The Ottoman Turks lost up to 200,000 men, a heavy price to pay for what was in some ways a hollow victory, for they lost World War I, and the British occupied İstanbul anyway. But Gallipoli gave the Turks a hero, Atatürk, who was to found a new nation on the ashes of a burnt-out empire, and Australia and New Zealand found at Gallipoli a national pride that enabled them to break the shackles of imperial British influence. The cemeteries of the fallen of all nationalities and creeds are what make a visit to Gallipoli special though, especially when they are dotted so poignantly across a spare, unspoilt landscape of rolling hills, crumbling earth-cliffs and sea-licked coves.

How to get to Canakkale

From İstanbul buses take five-and-a-half hours and cost around TL 40, or take the sea bus to Bandırma from Yenikapı (two hours, TL 30) and bus onto Çanakkale (two-and-a-half hours, TL 20), or Anadolujet and Bora Jet both fly from İstanbul’s Sabiha Gökçen Airport.

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Rare Turkish photos from the Gallipoli Campaign

Priceless pictures and postcards of Turkish forces at Gallipoli have emerged to set the scenes of Turkish soldiers in action almost a century after the legendary battle.

Galatasaray soccer player Hasnub Galib who died in Gallipoli

Galatasaray soccer player Hasnub Galib who died in Gallipoli

Turkish army after a prayer session

Turkish army after a prayer session

The cover of the Navy magazine

The cover of the Navy magazine

The Turkish Admiral Cevdet Pasa

The Turkish Admiral Cevdet Pasa

Fenerbahce Soccer players

Fenerbahce Soccer players

A french post card depicting the Turkish prisoners

A French post card depicting the Turkish prisoners

Turkish infantry

Turkish infantry

An officer posing with his children before Gallipoli campaign

An officer posing with his children before Gallipoli campaign

A postcard by The Red Crescent

A postcard by The Red Crescent

Birds-eye view of Gallipoli

Birds-eye view of Gallipoli

The sufi volunteers of the Mawlawi order join Turkish army

The sufi volunteers of the Mawlawi order join Turkish army

Ottoman Empire joins the war

Ottoman Empire joins the war

The Turkish Navy Destroyer Yavuz (Goben)

The Turkish Navy Destroyer Yavuz (Goben)

A Turkish postcard

A Turkish postcard